RB - Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection

最新バージョン Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro によって公開 Oct 16, 2019 Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro

Created over a century ago, the RB currently comprises ca. 750,000 mounted specimens, with a strong representation of Brazilian flora, mainly from the Atlantic and Amazon forests. Nearly 100% of these specimens have been entered into the database and imaged and, at present, about 17% have been geo-referenced. This data paper is focused exclusively on RB's exsiccatae collection of land plants and algae, which is currently increasing by about twenty to thirty thousand specimens per year thanks to fieldwork, exchange and donations. Since 2005, many national and international projects have been implemented, improving the quality and accessibility of the collection. The most important facilitating factor in this process was the creation of the institutional system for plants collection and management, named JABOT. Since the RB is continuously growing, the dataset is updated weekly on SiBBr and GBIF portals.

The most represented environments are the Atlantic and Amazon forests, a biodiversity hotspot and the world's largest rain forest, respectively. The dataset described in this article contains the data and metadata of plants and algae specimens in the RB collection and the link to access the respective images. Currently, the RB data is publicly available online at several biodiversity portals, such as our institutional database JABOT, the Reflora Virtual Herbarium, the SiBBr and the GBIF portal. However, a description of the RB dataset as a whole is not available in the literature.

データ レコード

この オカレンス(観察データと標本) リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、740,413 レコードが含まれています。 拡張データ テーブルは2 件存在しています。拡張レコードは、コアのレコードについての追加情報を提供するものです。 各拡張データ テーブル内のレコード数を以下に示します。

  • Occurrence (コア)
    740413
  • Identification 
    853553
  • Multimedia 
    687516

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

ダウンロード

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 740,413 レコード Portuguese で (106 MB) - 更新頻度: weekly
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (12 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (11 KB)

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

JBRJ - Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Jabot - Banco de Dados da Flora Brasileira. Disponível em: [http://www.jbrj.gov.br/jabot].

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 4300f8d5-1ae5-49e5-a101-63894b005868が割り当てられています。   GBIF Brazil によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているInstituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Specimen; Occurrence

連絡先

リソースを作成した人:

Rafaela Forzza
Curator
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082
Eduardo Dalcin
Coordenador do Núcleo de Computação Científica
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro Rua Pacheco Leão 915 - sala 203 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 32042116

リソースに関する質問に答えることができる人:

Rafaela Forzza
Curator
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082

メタデータを記載した人:

Eduardo Dalcin
Coordenador do Núcleo de Computação Científica
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro R. Pacheco Leão 915 - sl 203 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 32042116

他に、リソースに関連付けられていた人:

キュレーター
Rafaela Forzza
Curator
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082

地理的範囲

The majority of specimens were collected in Brazil (ca. 90%) and the country’s most widely represented region is the Southeast, where the herbarium is based (ca. 349.000 specimens, 50% of the total). The south-eastern states of Rio de Janeiro (ca. 189,000 specimens) and Minas Gerais (ca. 90,000) are represented by the largest number of specimens (Fig. 5). It should be noted that most of this region is part of the Atlantic Forest and Rio de Janeiro state is positioned entirely within this biome. North Brazil ranks second in number of specimens and the states of Amazonas and Pará are the best represented, with ca. 29,000 (ca. 4%) and 28,000 (ca. 4%), respectively (Fig. 5). One of the first great plant collectors in the region, especially with regard to Amazonian flora, was Adolf Ducke, who conducted expeditions in the states of Amazonas and Pará, mainly in the first half of the 20th century.

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [-34.162, -74.18], 北 東 [5.529, -34.453]

生物分類学的範囲

説明がありません

Kingdom  Plantae,  Fungi

収集方法

The herbarium specimen collection combines specimens from institutional projects, undergraduate and post-graduate research and exchanges or donations from other herbaria. In addition, from 1970 onwards, relevant national projects of flora documentation sent specimens to RB, such as RADAMBRASIL Project (1970-1985) and the Flora Program CNPq (1975-1983, MCT/CNPq 1987). Furthermore, as the official custodian for the Ministry of Environment, RB also receives many specimens from private companies with activities related to environmental impact studies and phytochemical products and most of these specimens are donated in exchange for identification. The institution includes 53 associate researchers and hosts around 550 visiting taxonomists every year, standing out as the most visited herbarium in Brazil. Quality

Study Extent Not described
Quality Control The RB uses the institutional system JABOT to perform all functions regarding herbarium management (i.e. loans, donations, new specimen registration, database management, quality control and web publication). The JABOT is a PostgreSQL database management system with 117 tables specifically created for botanical collections. The data insertion can be made directly into the JABOT interface or via uploading spreadsheets, with controlled and free text fields (Silva et al. 2017).

Method step description:

  1. Plant processing procedures: The herbarium follows the usual procedures for processing specimens (Bridson and Forman 2000, Simpson 2006). Fresh materials are pressed and dried over a stove or in an oven. Once they are dry, specimens are glued on to acid-free paper, with gummed cloth tape or thread for bulky plants. Bryophytes, fungi and lichens are placed into acid-free packets. Algae can also be mounted on acid-free paper with gummed cloth tape or stored in plastic boxes in the case of calcareous algae. Collection

コレクションデータ

コレクション名 Herbário Dimitri Sucre Benjamin
コレクション識別子 http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/herbarium.php?irn=124982
Parent Collection Identifier RB
標本保存方法 Dried and pressed

書誌情報の引用

  1. Lanna J, da Silva L, Morim M, Leitman P, Queiroz N, Filardi F, Dalcin E, Oliveira F, Forzza R (2018) Herbarium collection of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden (RB), Brazil. Biodiversity Data Journal 6: e22757. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e22757 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e22757

追加のメタデータ

代替識別子 4300f8d5-1ae5-49e5-a101-63894b005868
http://ipt.jbrj.gov.br/jbrj/resource?r=jbrj_rb