Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

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RB - Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection

最新版本 由 Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro 發佈於 Oct 2, 2018 Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro

Created over a century ago, the RB currently comprises ca. 750,000 mounted specimens, with a strong representation of Brazilian flora, mainly from the Atlantic and Amazon forests. Nearly 100% of these specimens have been entered into the database and imaged and, at present, about 17% have been geo-referenced. This data paper is focused exclusively on RB's exsiccatae collection of land plants and algae, which is currently increasing by about twenty to thirty thousand specimens per year thanks to fieldwork, exchange and donations. Since 2005, many national and international projects have been implemented, improving the quality and accessibility of the collection. The most important facilitating factor in this process was the creation of the institutional system for plants collection and management, named JABOT. Since the RB is continuously growing, the dataset is updated weekly on SiBBr and GBIF portals.

The most represented environments are the Atlantic and Amazon forests, a biodiversity hotspot and the world's largest rain forest, respectively. The dataset described in this article contains the data and metadata of plants and algae specimens in the RB collection and the link to access the respective images. Currently, the RB data is publicly available online at several biodiversity portals, such as our institutional database JABOT, the Reflora Virtual Herbarium, the SiBBr and the GBIF portal. However, a description of the RB dataset as a whole is not available in the literature.

Data Records

The data in this 出現紀錄 resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 720,885 records. 2 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (核心)
    720885
  • Identification 
    816339
  • Multimedia 
    666142

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

下載

下載最新版本的Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A)資源,或資源元數據的EML或RTF文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 720,885 紀錄 在 Portuguese 中 (111 MB) - Update frequency: 每周一次
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (12 KB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (11 KB)

版本

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

JBRJ - Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Jabot - Banco de Dados da Flora Brasileira. Disponível em: [http://www.jbrj.gov.br/jabot].

Rights

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 4300f8d5-1ae5-49e5-a101-63894b005868。  Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro 發佈此資源,並經由GBIF Brazil同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Specimen; Occurrence

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Rafaela Forzza
Curator
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082
Eduardo Dalcin
Coordenador do Núcleo de Computação Científica
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro Rua Pacheco Leão 915 - sala 203 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 32042116

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Rafaela Forzza
Curator
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082

元數據填寫者:

Eduardo Dalcin
Coordenador do Núcleo de Computação Científica
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro R. Pacheco Leão 915 - sl 203 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 32042116

與此資源的相關者:

典藏經理
Rafaela Forzza
Curator
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082

地理涵蓋範圍

The majority of specimens were collected in Brazil (ca. 90%) and the country’s most widely represented region is the Southeast, where the herbarium is based (ca. 349.000 specimens, 50% of the total). The south-eastern states of Rio de Janeiro (ca. 189,000 specimens) and Minas Gerais (ca. 90,000) are represented by the largest number of specimens (Fig. 5). It should be noted that most of this region is part of the Atlantic Forest and Rio de Janeiro state is positioned entirely within this biome. North Brazil ranks second in number of specimens and the states of Amazonas and Pará are the best represented, with ca. 29,000 (ca. 4%) and 28,000 (ca. 4%), respectively (Fig. 5). One of the first great plant collectors in the region, especially with regard to Amazonian flora, was Adolf Ducke, who conducted expeditions in the states of Amazonas and Pará, mainly in the first half of the 20th century.

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-34.162, -74.18], 緯度北界 經度東界 [5.529, -34.453]

分類群涵蓋範圍

無相關描述

Kingdom  Plantae,  Fungi

取樣方法

The herbarium specimen collection combines specimens from institutional projects, undergraduate and post-graduate research and exchanges or donations from other herbaria. In addition, from 1970 onwards, relevant national projects of flora documentation sent specimens to RB, such as RADAMBRASIL Project (1970-1985) and the Flora Program CNPq (1975-1983, MCT/CNPq 1987). Furthermore, as the official custodian for the Ministry of Environment, RB also receives many specimens from private companies with activities related to environmental impact studies and phytochemical products and most of these specimens are donated in exchange for identification. The institution includes 53 associate researchers and hosts around 550 visiting taxonomists every year, standing out as the most visited herbarium in Brazil. Quality

研究範圍 Not described
品質控管 The RB uses the institutional system JABOT to perform all functions regarding herbarium management (i.e. loans, donations, new specimen registration, database management, quality control and web publication). The JABOT is a PostgreSQL database management system with 117 tables specifically created for botanical collections. The data insertion can be made directly into the JABOT interface or via uploading spreadsheets, with controlled and free text fields (Silva et al. 2017).

方法步驟描述:

  1. Plant processing procedures: The herbarium follows the usual procedures for processing specimens (Bridson and Forman 2000, Simpson 2006). Fresh materials are pressed and dried over a stove or in an oven. Once they are dry, specimens are glued on to acid-free paper, with gummed cloth tape or thread for bulky plants. Bryophytes, fungi and lichens are placed into acid-free packets. Algae can also be mounted on acid-free paper with gummed cloth tape or stored in plastic boxes in the case of calcareous algae. Collection

收藏資料

蒐藏名稱 Herbário Dimitri Sucre Benjamin
蒐藏編號 http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/herbarium.php?irn=124982
上層採集品識別碼 RB
Specimen preservation methods Dried and pressed

引用文獻

  1. Lanna J, da Silva L, Morim M, Leitman P, Queiroz N, Filardi F, Dalcin E, Oliveira F, Forzza R (2018) Herbarium collection of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden (RB), Brazil. Biodiversity Data Journal 6: e22757. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e22757 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e22757

額外的元數據

替代的識別碼 4300f8d5-1ae5-49e5-a101-63894b005868
http://ipt.jbrj.gov.br/jbrj/resource?r=jbrj_rb