RB - Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection

Latest version published by Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro on Apr 6, 2021 Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro

Created over a century ago, the RB currently comprises ca. 750,000 mounted specimens, with a strong representation of Brazilian flora, mainly from the Atlantic and Amazon forests. Nearly 100% of these specimens have been entered into the database and imaged and, at present, about 17% have been geo-referenced. This data paper is focused exclusively on RB's exsiccatae collection of land plants and algae, which is currently increasing by about twenty to thirty thousand specimens per year thanks to fieldwork, exchange and donations. Since 2005, many national and international projects have been implemented, improving the quality and accessibility of the collection. The most important facilitating factor in this process was the creation of the institutional system for plants collection and management, named JABOT. Since the RB is continuously growing, the dataset is updated weekly on SiBBr and GBIF portals.

The most represented environments are the Atlantic and Amazon forests, a biodiversity hotspot and the world's largest rain forest, respectively. The dataset described in this article contains the data and metadata of plants and algae specimens in the RB collection and the link to access the respective images. Currently, the RB data is publicly available online at several biodiversity portals, such as our institutional database JABOT, the Reflora Virtual Herbarium, the SiBBr and the GBIF portal. However, a description of the RB dataset as a whole is not available in the literature.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 754,346 records. 2 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (core)
  • Multimedia 
  • Identification 

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 754,346 records in Portuguese (95 MB) - Update frequency: weekly
Metadata as an EML file download in English (12 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (11 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

JBRJ - Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Jabot - Banco de Dados da Flora Brasileira. Disponível em: [http://www.jbrj.gov.br/jabot].


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 4300f8d5-1ae5-49e5-a101-63894b005868.  Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Brazil.


Specimen; Occurrence


Who created the resource:

Rafaela Forzza
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082
Luís Alexandre Estevão
Coordenador do Núcleo de Computação Científica
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 32042116

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Rafaela Forzza
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082

Who filled in the metadata:

Eduardo Dalcin
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro R. Pacheco Leão 915 - sl 203 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 32042116

Who else was associated with the resource:

Rafaela Forzza
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden Rua Pacheco Leão 915 22460-030 Rio de Janeiro RJ BR 55 21 3204 2082

Geographic Coverage

The majority of specimens were collected in Brazil (ca. 90%) and the country’s most widely represented region is the Southeast, where the herbarium is based (ca. 349.000 specimens, 50% of the total). The south-eastern states of Rio de Janeiro (ca. 189,000 specimens) and Minas Gerais (ca. 90,000) are represented by the largest number of specimens (Fig. 5). It should be noted that most of this region is part of the Atlantic Forest and Rio de Janeiro state is positioned entirely within this biome. North Brazil ranks second in number of specimens and the states of Amazonas and Pará are the best represented, with ca. 29,000 (ca. 4%) and 28,000 (ca. 4%), respectively (Fig. 5). One of the first great plant collectors in the region, especially with regard to Amazonian flora, was Adolf Ducke, who conducted expeditions in the states of Amazonas and Pará, mainly in the first half of the 20th century.

Bounding Coordinates South West [-34.162, -74.18], North East [5.529, -34.453]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Kingdom  Plantae,  Fungi

Sampling Methods

The herbarium specimen collection combines specimens from institutional projects, undergraduate and post-graduate research and exchanges or donations from other herbaria. In addition, from 1970 onwards, relevant national projects of flora documentation sent specimens to RB, such as RADAMBRASIL Project (1970-1985) and the Flora Program CNPq (1975-1983, MCT/CNPq 1987). Furthermore, as the official custodian for the Ministry of Environment, RB also receives many specimens from private companies with activities related to environmental impact studies and phytochemical products and most of these specimens are donated in exchange for identification. The institution includes 53 associate researchers and hosts around 550 visiting taxonomists every year, standing out as the most visited herbarium in Brazil. Quality

Study Extent Not described
Quality Control The RB uses the institutional system JABOT to perform all functions regarding herbarium management (i.e. loans, donations, new specimen registration, database management, quality control and web publication). The JABOT is a PostgreSQL database management system with 117 tables specifically created for botanical collections. The data insertion can be made directly into the JABOT interface or via uploading spreadsheets, with controlled and free text fields (Silva et al. 2017).

Method step description:

  1. Plant processing procedures: The herbarium follows the usual procedures for processing specimens (Bridson and Forman 2000, Simpson 2006). Fresh materials are pressed and dried over a stove or in an oven. Once they are dry, specimens are glued on to acid-free paper, with gummed cloth tape or thread for bulky plants. Bryophytes, fungi and lichens are placed into acid-free packets. Algae can also be mounted on acid-free paper with gummed cloth tape or stored in plastic boxes in the case of calcareous algae. Collection

Collection Data

Collection Name Herbário Dimitri Sucre Benjamin
Collection Identifier http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/herbarium.php?irn=124982
Parent Collection Identifier RB
Specimen preservation methods Dried and pressed

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Lanna J, da Silva L, Morim M, Leitman P, Queiroz N, Filardi F, Dalcin E, Oliveira F, Forzza R (2018) Herbarium collection of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden (RB), Brazil. Biodiversity Data Journal 6: e22757. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e22757 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e22757

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 4300f8d5-1ae5-49e5-a101-63894b005868