Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020

Latest version published by Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro on 01 June 2024 Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro

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Data as a DwC-A file download 153,267 records in Portuguese (19 MB) - Update frequency: weekly
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In 2010, Brazil met Target 1 established by the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC-CDB), within the scope of the Convention on Biological Diversity, with the publication of the “Catálogo de Plantas e Fungos do Brasil” and with the release of the first online version of the “Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil”. The “Lista do Brasil” project, as it became popularly known, ended in November 2015, with the publication of five articles and their respective databases. In early 2016, the “Flora do Brasil 2020” project was launched, aiming to fulfill Target 1 established by the GSPC-CDB for 2020, with morphological descriptions, identification keys and illustrations for all species of plants, algae and fungi known to the country. By the end of 2020, monographs for all families of Bryophytes, Ferns and Lycophytes and Gymnosperms native to Brazil were made available in a broad and unrestricted way, as well as monographs for 90% of Angiosperm families. The results achieved were a consequence of the collaborative work of almost 1,000 taxonomists, Brazilians and foreigners, in an online platform for the inclusion of data from the taxonomic groups of their specialty. In addition to preparing the monographs, these researchers were also responsible for including information on nomenclature (accepted names vs. synonyms) and geographic distribution (by states in Brazil, endemism and Phytogeographic Domains), in addition to including valuable data on life forms, substrate and vegetation types for the species worked, and these informations are available here as a DwC-A files. However, the monographs completed by 2020 for Algae and for Fungi were not able to cover the real diversity of these groups in Brazil and this was a stimulus for the beginning of this new phase of the project, in early 2022, and since than the project adopt the name Flora e Funga do Brasil. This change aims to seek a more inclusive biological terminology for the Fungi Kingdom and a greater engagement of the mycological and lichenological community, both for the improvement of the list of species occurring in the country, and for the elaboration of monographs.

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 153,267 records.

6 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Taxon (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Flora e Funga do Brasil (Constantly updated): Flora e Funga do Brasil project - Projeto Flora e Funga do Brasil. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: aacd816d-662c-49d2-ad1a-97e66e2a2908.  Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Brazil.


Checklist; Inventoryregional; Checklist


Group Brazil Flora
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Rua Pacheco Leão 915
22460-030 Rio de Janeiro

Geographic Coverage


Bounding Coordinates South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]

Taxonomic Coverage


Kingdom Plantae, Fungi
Phylum Tracheophyta, Ascomycota, Myxomycota, Basidiomycota
Class Magnoliopsida, Sordariomycetes, Liliopsida, Pucciniomycetes, Agaricomycetes, Myxomycetes, Pezizomycetes, Leotiomycetes
Order Santalales, Pezizales, Dipsacales, Cucurbitales, Asterales, Phallales, Aquifoliales, Polyporales, Ceratiomyxales, Arecales, Auriculariales, Alismatales, Pucciniales, Ranunculales, Malpighiales, Hymenochaetales, Asparagales, Xylariales, Russulales, Hypocreales, Malvales, Lamiales, Caryophyllales, Liliales, Piperales, Boletales, Brassicales, Helotiales, Agaricales, Sapindales, Gentianales, Apiales, Geastrales
Family Begoniaceae, Araliaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Acanthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Arecaceae, Apiaceae, Araceae, Alliaceae, Bonnetiaceae, Apodanthaceae, Balanophoraceae, Aizoaceae, Alstroemeriaceae, Bataceae, Achariaceae, Basellaceae, Berberidaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Adoxaceae, Apocynaceae, Achatocarpaceae, Amaranthaceae, Asteraceae, Agavaceae, Anacardiaceae, Bixaceae, Anisophylleaceae, Alismataceae

Bibliographic Citations

  1. FORZZA, R. C., BAUMGRATZ, J. F., Bicudo, C.E.M., CARVALHO JUNIOR, A., COSTA, Andréa, COSTA, D. P., HOPKINS, M. J. G., LEITMAN, P., LOHMANN, L. G., MAIA, L. C., MARTINELLI, G., MENEZES, M., Morim, M. P., COELHO, M. N., PEIXOTO, A. L., PIRANI, J. R., PRADO, J., Queiroz, L.P., Souza, V. C., STEHMANN, J., SYLVESTRE, Lana, Walter, B.M.T., ZAPPI, D. Catálogo das Plantas e Fungos do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro : Andrea Jakobsson Estúdio & Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, 2010, v. 1 e 2. p.1699.
  2. Forzza, Rafaela C., Baumgratz, José Fernando A., Bicudo, Carlos Eduardo M., Canhos, Dora A. L., Carvalho, Anibal A., Coelho, Marcus A. Nadruz, Costa, Andrea F., Costa, Denise P., Hopkins, Michael G., Leitman, Paula M., Lohmann, Lucia G., Lughadha, Eimear Nic, Maia, Leonor Costa, Martinelli, Gustavo, Menezes, Mariângela, Morim, Marli Pires, Peixoto, Ariane Luna, Pirani, José R., Prado, Jefferson, Queiroz, Luciano P., Souza, Sidnei, Souza, Vinicius Castro, Stehmann, João R., Sylvestre, Lana S., Walter, Bruno M. T., Zappi, Daniela C. New Brazilian Floristic List Highlights Conservation Challenges. Bioscience (Washington. Print). , v.62, p.39 - 45, 2012.
  3. MENEZES, M. et al. Update of the Brazilian floristic list of Algae and Cyanobacteria. Rodriguésia, v. 66, n. 4, 2015. (DOI: 10.1590 / 2175-7860201566408)
  4. BFG. Growing knowledge: an overview of Seed Plant diversity in Brazil. Rodriguesia, v. 66, n. 4, 2015. (DOI: 10.1590/2175-7860201566411)
  5. COSTA, D. P.; PERALTA, D. F. Bryophytes diversity in Brazil. Rodriguésia, v. 66, n. 4, p. 1–9, 2015. (DOI: 10.1590 / 2175-7860201566409)
  6. MAIA, L. C. et al. Diversity of Brazilian Fungi. Rodriguésia, v. 66, n. November, 2015. (DOI: 10.1590 / 2175-7860201566407)
  7. PRADO, J. et al. Diversity of ferns and lycophytes in Brazil. Rodriguésia, v. 66, n. 4, 2015. (DOI: 10.1590 / 2175-7860201566410)

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers aacd816d-662c-49d2-ad1a-97e66e2a2908